History of Guar Gum

Guar is a member of the pea family which is cultivated both as fodder and as a green veggie. Over the years, the actual vegetable has gained added significance despite not being part of the staple diet. The reason for this is the emergence of guar gum. Yes, the gum extracted from this plant is being used all over the world in a wide range of industries. This multipurpose substance is in high demand. So, how did guar gum come about?
Initially, guar was used primarily for feeding cattle. The vegetable is a rich source of protein and fodder and cooking were its two main uses. It was in the mid 1940s, just as the Second World War drew to a close, that guar gum came into common use. At that time, the paper and textile industries used gum which was extracted from locust bean. However, the war had diminished reserves of the gum and the industries sought an alternative. Guar gum was suggested as a replacement and it was in 1953 that the technology for extracting it became commercially available in the US as well as India.
This means that it took close to a decade for technology to catch up with the demand. Over the past six decades in a bit, guar gum has grown in popularity and is one of the most widely used substances today. Owing to its wide range of applications, it is used in industries as diverse as food and textile. Even the slightly niche items in the food industry, including baked goods and ice creams, use guar gum as an agent for thickening or enhance the texture.
Despite there being no major breakthroughs in the substance itself, guar gum continues to enjoy tremendous popularity and there is no reason why this demand shouldn’t stay high in the future.